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SECAWAN AIR WUDUK

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Alhamdulillah.. Dapat lagi saya berkongsi sedikit ilmu di ruangan ini. Lama jugak tak masuk laman usrah ni. Hehe. Tapi tu takdelah maksudnya kosong je langsung, tanpa sebarang pengisian. Al-maklum la, assignment la, cuti la, program la, ceq busy la skit.🙂 Okay, tanpa ada selindung-selindung lagi, ramai dah tau (siap masuk tv) Selangor kurang air. So, berlakulah CATUAN AIR di mana kolej yang saya tinggal ni, dah seminggu takda air……😦 [mood sedih]. Kemudiannya, keluar plak kenyataan ———>

http://www.bernama.com/bernama/v7/bm/ge/newsgeneral.php?id=1016943

Maka, bertambah sedih dan gulana lah hati saya ini. serta rakan2 lain yg xda air jugak

Al-kisahnya, BARU seminggu takda air, terasa susahnyaaaa nak menjalani kehidupan seharian. Dengan nak pegi kelas lagi, nak mandi kena pegi cari air, nak basuh baju, nak minum, makan DAN yang PALING PENTING, SOLAT. Susah. Ada yang bangun pukul 5.30am semata2 pegi cari air, merantau ke kolej2 orang, fakulti, dewan kuliah dan sebagainya. Ce korang pejam mata, bayangkan kejap camna life korang tanpa air untuk sehari… Ce bayang, ce bayang.😛

Sebagai seorang ISLAM, SOLAT ITU WAJIB. Even non muslim pun tau benda ni. Semu orang tau! Air ada ke takda, SOLAT tetap kena SOLAT. Ada seorang rakan non muslim saya tanya;

Kawan : “Ekin, macam mana u sembahyang, air takda?”

Saya : “I solat macam biasalah”

Kawan : “Camna u ambil air sembahyang?”

Saya : “Menggunakan secawan air”

Kawan : “Boleh ke?”

Kawan2, anggota WAJIB WUDUK hanya ada 4 sahaja (yang telah disepakati para ulama’) iaitu:

1. MUKA

Sebelum basuh muka tu, pastikan tangan korang BERSIH. Basuh la skit tangan tu. Batasan muka yang kena dibasahkan tu ialah dari anak rambut kat dahi sampai dagu serta dari telinga kiri ke telinga kanan. Tu adalah kawasan muka yang perlu kena air wuduk.

Caranya : Tuangkan sedikit air ke tapak tangan (cukup sekadar membasahkannya), kemudian sapu keseluruhan muka dengan air.

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2. TANGAN SAMPAI SIKU

Tangan ‘sampai’ siku tu maksudnya siku tu pun PERLU dibasahkan jugak hokayy. Takleh la sekerat jalan je. And, macam biasalah, start dengan tangan kanan dulu.

Cara : Basahkan tangan kiri, then letakkan TAPAK TANGAN KIRI yang basah tu DIBAWAH TAPAK TANGAN KANAN dan terus sapu sampai ke siku, (dah sampai siku) pusing kebahagian atas lengan dan sapu hingga ke permukaan tapak tangan kanan tu balik. Yang untuk tangan kiri plak, basahkan tangan kanan, letakkan TAPAK TANGAN KANAN yang basah DIBAWAH TAPAK TANGAN KIRI dan buat macam step tadi.

PASTIKAN celah-celah jari diliputi air dan TAPAK TANGAN yang menyapu tu TAK TERANGKAT dari mana-mana bahagian tangan yang disapu. Maksudnya, masa korang start letak tapak tangan kiri dibawah tapak tangan tu, bawak ke siku, then pusing naik atas and bawak ke tapak tangan kanan tu balik, jangan angkat langsung tapak tangan kiri tu. Sapu je. Lepas settle tu, baru korang bleh angkat untuk nak basahkan tangan kanan plak untuk diletakkan dibawah tapak tangan kiri dan seterusnya. Korang faham x? Kang saya syok sendiri duk bercerita panjang2 

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3. DAHI

Dahi ni maksudnya ubun2 lah. Ada setengah panggil anak rambut. Ada yangg panggil kepala. Haa, yang tu lahh..

Cara : Macam biasa yang korang duk buat tu lah.

4. KAKI

Lebih kurang sama je cara macam tangan tadi. Start dengan kaki kanan dulu ok. Dan MAKE SURE sampai buku lali.

Haa.. Tu jelah. Islam ni agama yang mudah. Praktikal di mana2 dan dalam apa jua keadaan. Yang selalu kita basuh 3 kali tu sunat. Yang wajibnya, SEKALI je. So, dah keadaan cenggini, jimat2 la air, basuh sekali cukup. Lebih daripada cukup pun sebenarnya if guna 1 cawan untuk amek wuduk. Betullll…. Try lah, tak caye.😀

Itulah cara saya berwuduk dalam keadaan darurat camni. Haa, tapi make sure simpanan air korang ada lah sikit2 tu untuk berwuduk. Simpan dalam botol air mineral yang kecik tu pun boleh. Cukup je.. Saya ni pun bukanlah alim sangat or baik sangat, biasa2 jer. Tapi solat tu wajib, tiang agama. Jangan sebab air kena catu, tak solat langsung. Kelak kita disoal dalam kubur atau padang Mahsyar pasal kenapa tak solat, takkan nak jawab sebab air kena catu kot..

Post ni reminder kepada diri saya sendiri jugak. Sekian.🙂

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Posted by on February 24, 2014 in Usrah

 

ZIKIR HARIAN

bismillah2

Salam semua! Selamat sejahtera!🙂

Haiii…. Lama betul tak menulis ni. Almost 2 months. Biasa lah, cuti semester, segala benda lain pun cuti. TapiiISHK ISHK. Tak baik kan perangai camtu? So, jangan ikut tau. Huhu. But it’s ok! Coz now, I’m back! *Amboihh. Dah macam iklan superhero plak kn?*

Ok2. For this time around, I’m gonna share ’bout zikir harian Imam Ghazali. I practiced this before, but I don’t know since when I became soooo negligent and stopped practicing it. Oh dear God, please forgive me.. hukhuk😦 Harapnya, after posting this, together-geder la kita mendapat barakah daripadanya. And yes, ofkoss, you can share this if you want to. Sebabnya, saya pun, share daripada buku yang saya baca, then refer kat tenet (internet) jugak. Haa, yang saya post ni IHSAN hamba Allah. Tengkiuuu to GugelImages dan hamba Allah tu (saya pun xtau sape). Alright, here it is. For the ‘kelebihan mengamalkan zikir harian’ just scroll down.

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JUMAAT :

Allah akan memberi ketenangan hati bagi yang membacanya

SABTU :
Allah akan hampir kepada orang yang membacanya dan memberi segala kebaikan kepadanya

AHAD :
Memperoleh harta yang banyak dan berkat semasa hidup serta dicintai oleh setiap manusia

ISNIN :
Allah akan memberi ganjaran pahala sebesar Bukit Uhud dan menghindarkan sifat-sifat mazmumah

SELASA :
Allah akan mengampunkan dosa selama setahun

RABU :
Allah akan hilangkan satu titik hitam dalam hati orang yang membacanya

KHAMIS :
Allah akan mengampunkan dosa orang yang membacanya sebanyak buih di lautan dan menghidupkan satu pohon buatnya di Syurga

p/s : ada sesetengah buku/website/bahan rujukan lain, kebaikan mengamalkan zikir2 di atas mempunyai sedikit perbezaan. Jadi, saya sertakan beberapa sumber rujukan lain.

http://virtualfriends.net/article/articleview.cfm?AID=25701

http://doaayatdanzikir.wordpress.com/2010/07/02/zikir-harian-2/

“IKHLASKAN HATI & JOM SESAMA KITA AMALKAN ZIKRULLAH”😀

 
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Posted by on September 15, 2013 in Cerita Ceritu Ceriti

 

REFLECTION 10 : KIT DAY – PRESENTATION

salam lagi

Today is our presentation day! The last day of our class for this course GGGB 3223 Learner Diversity & Differentiated Learning. Everybody seems ready for presenting the KIT. But for this time around, we combine our tutorial group with the other tutorial group. So, there will be 8 groups of presentation. I was wondering if we can finish this class in just 2 hours time. Naah, it’s ok. Let’s proceed to the presentation. Everybody showed a good effort and had done their best! Basically, this is our tutorial group task:

GROUP 1: Yasmin, Adira, Jannah, Nora

* Dyslexia
* Learning Style

GROUP 2: Farah, Niesa, Nadia, Imran

* Autism
* Multiple Intelligences

GROUP 3: Ana, Veni, Prasna, Aie

* Gender/Culture/Ethnicity/Language
* Personality

GROUP 4: Kak Ana, Kak Ika, Sheqin, Zarina

* Youth-at-Risk
* Previous educational experiences & SES

YES! My group consists of Kak Ana, Kak Ika and also Zarina. Our topic is about Youth-at-Risk and how it relates to previous educational experiences & SES (socioeconomic status). IT IS A REALLY HARD TOPIC actually. It gave all of us a headache before we could really understand it. In this KIT, we got slide presentation, a poster and also a video.

THE SLIDES

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THE POSTER

POSTER_LEARNER

That’s it! Sorry because I can’t share the video here. It is a nice video and my friends also like it! Thank you y’allss!🙂 hehe

 

REFLECTION 9 : 1MALAYSIA & COOPERATIVE LEARNING

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Hello! Do you have a nice day today? I hope so.🙂 Before I share what we had learnt in GGGB 3223 Learner Diversity & Differentiated Learning, I am glad to share one educational story that I’d read. I hope it helps you. The title is ‘LET GO OF YOUR STRESSES’.

A psychologist walked around a room while teaching stress management to an audience. As she raised a glass of water, everyone expected they’d be asked the “half empty or half full” question. Instead, with a smile on her face, she inquired: ”How heavy is this glass of water?”

Answers called out ranged from 8 oz. to 20 oz.

She replied, “The absolute weight doesn’t matter. It depends on how long I hold it. If I hold it for a minute, it’s not a problem. If I hold it for an hour, I’ll have an ache in my arm. If I hold it for a day, my arm will feel numb and paralyzed. In each case, the weight of the glass doesn’t change, but the longer I hold it, the heavier it becomes.”

She continued, “The stresses and worries in life are like that glass of water. Think about them for a while and nothing happens. Think about them a bit longer and they begin to hurt. And if you think about them all day long, you will feel paralyzed – incapable of doing anything.”

It’s important to remember to let go of your stresses. As early in the evening as you can, put all your burdens down. Don’t carry them through the evening and into the night. Remember to put the glass down!

Source : http://academictips.org/blogs/let-go-of-your-stresses/

All right! Move on! In this post, I will share with you about 1Malaysia concept (YES, I am a MALAYSIAN and I’m proud to be so) and also about cooperative learning. AHHA! Don’t get confused. Cooperative learning, NOT collaborative learning. What’s the difference? I’ll explain later on. Basically, this is the last presentation of our task. After this, we are going to do a presentation (KIT presentation) which is a group work. It will include a slide presentation (assigned topic), a poster and also a video with digital message. But for now, put aside the KIT. Here is the last task and the presenters (including me).😀

Ayie & Prasna:

a) Explain five strategies to achieve the goals of 1Malaysia.
b) Describe five obstacles which may prevent the achievement of these goals.

Sheqin:

a) Describe cooperative learning.
b) Choose one model of cooperative learning and show how to implement the model.

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Ayie did good when explaining on what is 1Malaysia to the class before starts his presentation. Upon ascending to Malaysia’s highest public office on April 2009, the Prime Minister of Malaysia, YAB Dato’ Sri Najib Tun Razak has made waves to all corners of the nation with the introduction of 1Malaysia concept. The concept evolves around a culture of excellence, perseverance, acceptance, education, integrity, meritocracy, humility and loyalty. It also encompasses NKRAs on six major issues. Since independent, national unity has been made top priority – unity in education, culture, socio-economy, political, regional, etc. 1Malaysia seeks to improve the relations of all Malaysians, regardless of racial, religious or cultural backgrounds. There are certain major concerns that need to be addressed in order to seriously engage in 1Malaysia concept. 1Malaysia concept caters the needs of all sectors of the plural society and to ensure equal distribution of wealth between racial groups, between states and federal.

 “1Malaysia’s goal is to preserve and enhance this unity in diversity which has always been our strength and remains our best hope for the future. I hope this Website will initiate an open and vital dialogue exploring our Malaysian identity, purpose, and direction. I encourage each of you to join me in defining our Malaysia and the role we must play in its future. Each of us — despite our differences — shares a desire for a better tomorrow. Each of us wants opportunity, Respect, friendship, and understanding.”Dato’ Seri Najib Tun Razak

1Malaysia

Prasna had discussed with us such a really educational information. She explained about five obstacles which may prevent the achievement of of 1Malaysia concept. They are school system, religious sentiments, language, goal and speciality. Thanks Praz for sharing this with us! It is really an eye-opener to me and I believe to others as well (I mean my friends. Hope it includes you).🙂

1. School system

– ethnically & linguistically polarized primary school system (Chinese & Tamil )

– separated school system at primary level

– 90% (Chinese)/ 50% (Indian)  – no opportunity to interact with Malays in the same age category

– quota system (MRSM/ MATRICULATION/UNIVERSITIES)

2. Religious sentiments

– ethno-centric (superior compared to other community) – weird, inferior and immoral

–  differences measured by :customs, family background, attitude,  attire

– unhelpful religious sentiment which undermines the practices and institutions of other religions

3. Language

– mother tongue  ( tamil / chinese )

–  very strong

– cannot  accept that Bahasa  Melayu as official  language

– it shows the differences between the races

– do not want to give up or want to learn and apply other languages

4. Goal

– not common and shared goal

– not ethnically integrated

– peace , living in harmony

– full & fair partnership

5. Speciality

– special positions of Malay/ Bumiputera (Constitution)

– Article Rational 153  privileges  : position in public service, scholarship, education, business, special facilities

– Malay reserve land so that the reserve land is protected from the non-Malay.

EKIN_DONE

I am the last presenter of the day and also for this task! OK. Great. My task is about cooperative learning and in the end, I have to choose the most suitable cooperative learning model and show how to implement it.

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In the end of our presentation, Ummi praised all of us for our hard work and she loves all of our presentations. Ummi also had asked me to add extra info about cooperative learning model and share it with others. Thank you Ummi for your support! Last but not least, Ummi reminded us to start working on our KIT presentation and do our best! In sha Allah Ummi! We will!🙂

 
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MIND MAP SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS (SES)

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MIND MAP YOUTH AT RISK

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REFLECTION 8 : YOUTH DISABILITIES, MULTI-DICIPLINARY TEAM & CHARACTERISTICS OF ANALYTICAL & GLOBAL LEARNERS

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Good day! How are you doing? Hurmm.. I want to start this post by sharing the movie that I had watched! I LOVE THIS MOVIE! No, no! This movie is not part of my assignment.🙂 I just watched it because someone told me that the movie is good. It is really good! The title is ‘The Odd Life of Timothy Green’. It’s nice if you were already watching it. You can share your opinion here. But, for those who is not yet watch it, here is the story. BUT, of course it will be so much exciting if you watch it yourself!

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The film is told from the perspective of Cindy (Jennifer Garner) and Jim Green (Joel Edgerton), as they explain their experience with Timothy (CJ Adams) in an effort to persuade an adoption agency to allow the couple to adopt a child.

Cindy, who works in the town’s local museum, and Jim, who is employed at the town’s historic pencil factory, resides in the drought-stricken town of Stanleyville, North Carolina. The Greens are informed by doctors that they are unable to conceive. Distraught by the news, Jim convinces Cindy to dream up their ideal child and write the child’s characteristics and life events on slips of notepad paper.

The couple places the notes inside a box and buries it in the backyard garden. After a thunderstorm, which seemingly affects only their property, a ten-year-old arrives at their home claiming the Greens as his parents. After finding the box they buried smashed to pieces around a large hole in the ground where they originally buried it, and finding the boy inside their house, covered in mud, they realize that the boy, named Timothy, is actually a culmination of all their wishes of what their child would be. The Greens also discover that Timothy has a startling feature: he has leaves growing on his legs.

The next day, at a family picnic, Timothy is introduced to members of his family: Brenda Best (Rosemarie DeWitt), Cindy’s pompous sister; James Green Sr. (David Morse), Jim’s estranged father; and Mel (Lois Smith) and Bub (M. Emmet Walsh), Cindy’s paternal aunt and uncle. The parents take Timothy to their friend and town botanist, Reggie (Lin-Manuel Miranda), where they learn that Timothy’s leaves cannot be removed.

Timothy begins to attend school, where he meets Joni Jerome (Odeya Rush), a girl he meets during a bullying incident, with whom he begins a friendly relationship. Meanwhile, the town’s pencil factory, the largest employer in Stanleyville, begins laying off its employees. Timothy convinces Cindy and Jim to design a prototype for a new pencil in an effort to keep the pencil-producing business viable.

Unbeknownst to the parents, one of Timothy’s leaves falls off each time he fulfills one of the qualities listed on the original slips of paper. Timothy eventually reveals to Cindy and Jim that his time of existence is short and that he will eventually disappear.

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The Greens’ meeting with the adoption counselor concludes with Cindy presenting a letter that Timothy left them before leaving. In the letter, he explains to them what he did with each of his leaves that fell off, with a montage sequence showing each person whose life Timothy touched. After an unspecified amount of time, the adoption counselor is shown pulling up to the Greens’ house in a car with the little girl who is to become the Greens’ daughter.

Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Odd_Life_of_Timothy_Green

I don’t know where you can download it, but I’m sure you’ll find the way. Hehe.

For this time, like the title of this post, I will share with you about youth disabilities, multi-disciplinary team and also about characteristics of analytical and global learners. The presenters are as follows :

Imran & Ana :

a) What are five characteristics of youth with disabilities?

b) How can teachers teach more effectively by taking into account such characteristics?

Niesa :

a) List five members in the multi-disciplinary team. Describe their respective roles.

Kak Ika & Zarina :

a) Compare the characteristics of  analytical and global learners.

b) How can teacher strategize to accommodate these learners?


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Imran and Ana started the presentation by introducing themselves (though all of us already know them). Yaa, it is what we call a TRADITIONAL way of attracting audience attention. Ana and Imran had shared with us about 5 characteristics of youth disabilities which are dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia, dysphasia/aphasia and also dyspraxia and how to teach the student which has the disabilities. Never heard of them?? Nahhh.. It’s ok. I’ll share with you.

1. DYSLEXIA (difficulty reading)

– problems reading, writing, spelling, speaking

DYSLEXIA

Common signs: reads painfully slow, difficulty with basic letter sounds, has trouble decoding, the order of letters becomes mixed up, cannot recall known words

How to teach: utilize a multi-sensory approach to teaching, use time wisely, provide handouts, model organizational structures, utilize other resources

2. DYSGRAPHIA (difficulty with writing)

– problems with handwriting, spelling, organizing ideas

DYSGRAPHIA

Common signs: awkward pencil grip, illegible handwriting, frustration with writing thoughts on paper, can talk about an idea but cannot write it down on paper

How to teach: allow for accommodations, modify expectations or task to avoid problem areas, provide remediation to improve the student’s handwriting skills

3. DYSCALCULIA (difficulty with math)

– problems doing math problems, understanding time, using money

DYSCALCULIA

Common signs: difficulty recalling number sequences, may mistake numbers that look similar in shape (3 & 8), cannot retain patterns when adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, difficulty with handling money or estimating costs

How to teach: start with a solid foundation of number recognition and operations, use real-life situation for math concepts, use music and games to help with memorization and of facts and tables, handheld calculators help the student to be sure they see the numbers in the correct order and can be used for a quick check for correctness

4. DYSPHASIA/APHASIA (difficulty with language)

– problems understanding spoken language, poor reading

DYSAPHIASA

Common signs: difficulty expressing thoughts verbally, poor reading comprehension, frustrated when speaking, have trouble labeling objects

How to teach: use picture cards, specific programs for therapy, online programs

5. DYSPRAXIA (difficulty with fine motor skills)

– problems with hand-eye coordination, balance, manual dexterity

DYSPRAXIA

Common signs: problems with physical abilities – require hand-eye coordination, like holding a pencil or buttoning a shirt

How to teach: give short, precise instructions and engage in as much eye, does activities that he recognizes, write letters on a chalkboard and ask him to copy letters and if possible say the letter at the same time.

NIESA_DONE

Next presenter is Niesa. She also had shared an interesting things with us. It is about multi-disciplinary team and their roles. First and foremost, we need to know the DEFINITION of multi-disciplinary team. According to http://www.preventelderabuse.org/communities/mdt.html :

Multidisciplinary teams are groups of professionals from diverse disciplines who come together to provide comprehensive assessment and consultation in abuse cases. While their primary purpose is typically to help team members resolve difficult cases, teams may fulfill a variety of additional functions. They can promote coordination between agencies; provide a “checks and balances” mechanism to ensure that the interests and rights of all concerned parties are addressed; and identify service gaps and breakdowns in coordination or communication between agencies or individuals. They also enhance the professional skills and knowledge of individual team members by providing a forum for learning more about the strategies, resources, and approaches used by various disciplines.

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Niesa had chosen general educator, special educator, principal, parents and also student as the members of multi-disciplinary team. Other disciplinary members are therapists, guidance counselors, administrators other than principal, motivator and paraprofessionals. These are the roles of the members of multi-disciplinary team that Niesa had explained.

1. General educator

– Understand the special educators may be responsible for a large group of students and have a limited amount of time for each student.

– Sharing with other consultants for determining how goals and object can be reinforced during the course of general classroom activities.

2. Special educator

– Recognize suitable techniques to be used towards students especially students with special needs.

– Respond  to the need of many students rapidly.

– Recognize the teaching techniques  that may be success in special education class but not in a normal classroom.

3. Principal

– Monitor student’s movements in the schools especially in the classroom.

– Always update information with the classroom teacher about their performance.

– Inform parents with the current performance of the students.

4. Parents

– Provide information about the students’ current performance.

– Don’t leave their children’s education in the hand of experts.

5. Student

– Responsible for their own educational outcomes.

– Although for disabilities students, they should think about their responsibility. Don’t let others be responsible for everything.

IKA_ZARINA_DONE

Last presenters of the day were Kak Ika and also Zarina. Their presentation really catches my eyes! Lots of info that we had learnt and understand. Their task is on the two types of learning styles which are ANALYTICAL LEARNER and GLOBAL LEARNER. So, what are they? Ok. Be patient! Before that, we have to know that learning style actually explains how the individual interacts with new information and no person is bound by one learning style only. Even though individuals find themselves in both categories, they gravitate toward just one learning style.

ANALYTICAL LEARNER

  • preferring to study alone for long periods without interruption
  • tend to work on one task to completion
  • focuses on the parts that make up the big picture
  • likely to respond to a problem with logic first, instead of emotion,  solve problem systematically and logically.

GLOBAL LEARNER

  • may work better in groups than alone
  • prefer to work on multiple tasks at once
  • sees the big picture or overall view
  • likely to respond to a problem with emotion first, instead of logic

Understanding the key differences in student learning styles leads to better learning support. Numerous assessment tests allow individuals to determine their own learning styles and help parents and teachers find ways to encourage learning. Teachers can develop lesson plans that accommodate both styles, such as incorporating narratives and group work into lesson plans to accommodate global learners. So, here are the strategies that teachers can use to accommodate them.

ANALYTICAL LEARNER

  • Provide a traditional classroom setting
  • Shows and organize the sequences of information
  • Leads to the larger concept of understanding
  • Provide an activity that follows sequentially, process, list, timeline, and charts
  • Example: bring back pieces or parts of the body altogether and explain their functions

GLOBAL LEARNER

  • Provide a flexible learning environment
  • Explain concept first then the details
  • Give them chances to do some group work
  • Give them multiple task at once
  • Plays background music
  • Gives open ended questions.
  • Relates to life information

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Ok. That’s all for today. And Ummi Rosseni, thanks for the sweet ‘kek pisang’! SEDAP! Hehe.😀

See you in the next post (which I will be one of the presenter)! Bye! Assalamualaikum w.b.t.