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REFLECTION 7 : PUBLIC LAW 99-457, LEARNER DIVERSITY IN MALAYSIA & BEHAVIORS TOWARDS LOW ACHIEVERS

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Hi! OMG! I felt like I was not writing in such a long time. It’s good to have something to share at the end. NO! Actually, I should write this post long time ago but I WAS SO BUSY AND STILL BUSY UP UNTIL NOW! Ouhh.. Yeah, I can’t make it as an excuse. It is my bad. 😦

All right. For this time around, I will share on what my classmates had shared with me in our class (GGGB 3223 Learner Diversity & Differentiated Teaching). Thanks to Kak Ana, Veni, Nora, Jannah and Farah Yusoff for the info! It really help us! Basically, these are their task:

Kak Ana & Veni : Describe the six phases inclusion and what are the provision of public law 99-457.

Nora & Jannah :

a) Describe learner diversity in Malaysia.

b) How can education for all can be achieved?

Farah Yusoff : Describe five feature behaviors towards low achievers mentioned by Kauffman.

DONE_VENI_ROHANA

For Kak Ana and Veni’s presentation, we can know that there is actually a provision of public law 99-457 which is an ‘Education Of The Handicapped Act Amendments Of 1986’. Not only that, actually there are numerous Sections of PL 94-147. The purpose for this is to provide early intervention services for all eligible children as defined by legislation

In the provisions :

– the rights and protections of PL 94-142 were extended to child with disabilities ages 3 to 5 years in the school year 1990-1991

– to support this, the preschool incentive grant program was revised (Section 619) to reflect the authorization of a dramatic increase in the federal fiscal contribution to the age group

– a new state grant program for disabled infants and toddlers were established (birth through 2)

veni_done

Last but not least, there are some legal implications for the action which are:

1. With the concurrence of the family, a statement of the family’s strengths needs related to enhancing the development of the child.

2. A statement of the major outcomes expected achieved for the child and family. The criteria, procedures, and timelines used to determine the degree to which a progress is made and so on.

3. Other services and the steps that will be undertaken to secure those services.

4. The projected dates for initiation of the services and the anticipated duration.

I totally understand! They are all facts and it is a little bit bored. But, I hope it gives us knowledge and can be an eye opener for those who did not know about this before (including me).

nora_jannah_done

Next presentation is presented from both charming ladies, Nora and Jannah. Hurmm… They are the ‘tulang belakang’ for Za’ba Residential College. EH. I shouldn’t mention that kan? OK then. Move on. 🙂 The topic is good which is about learner diversity in Malaysia. Hurm. What do you know about learner  diversity? It is actually referred to all inclusive, collective mixtures of human differences and similarities along a given dimension. According to Nora’s presentation, the level of the teacher’s perspective towards school diversity is still at moderate level. She also mentioned that teacher takes things lightly in the educational content. So, her suggestion to Ministry of Education and school is they have to execute more awareness programs besides improve facilities for teachers and students.

diverse

Jannah answer the second question which is how can education for all can be achieved? According to her, both government and society should play their role so that education for all is not just a saying. HOW?

Government :

– primary education is compulsory for all the children

– financial help for those needed

– co-curriculum and curriculum syllabus

– special schools for special children

Society :

– self-experience

– self-awareness about the importance of education for the future

farah_y_done

The last presenter of the day is Farah Yusoff. She has shared with us about five feature behaviors towards low achievers  mentioned by Kauffman. OK. The first question that SHOULD be playing in your mind now is, WHO is Kauffman? Let me share this with you.

James M. Kauffman is an American who has made significant contributions to the field of education specifically in special education. He has authored or co-authored several books and many journal articles in the fields of special education, education reform, child psychology, and child development and has served in various editorial capacities. The topics he has written about include behavioral disorders, learning disabilities, mental retardation, instructional and behavior management techniques in the classroom, education reform, and ethical and policy issues. He has also made presentations in multiple countries. He currently is Professor Emeritus of Education at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, where he became a faculty member in 1970. He has had an active career in education since the 1960s.

Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Kauffman

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From Farah’s explanation, the five feature behaviors towards low achievers that was mentioned by Kauffman are :

1. Consistent in responding children’s behaviors

– The students should know the consequences of appropriate behavior and misbehavior. We should give clear directions and hold firm to our expectations to them besides of being consistent in giving rewards or punishments. Do not mix it all!

2. Providing instruction that is useful to children

– We should make sure that we have chosen the important things to teach them. Do point out the value of what they are learning and try to find a way to make the material that we used become interesting and worth for them.

3. Rewarding the right behavior

– As a teacher, do not make any mistake of praising them when they are behaving misbehave. The teacher also cannot make any physical contact with them in attempts to offer loving correction. Give attention primarily only when they are behaving appropriately.

4. The demands appropriate for the children’s abilities

– Do not give too high or too low expectations towards the children. Our expectation must fit each child’s ability level. So, make sure that you really know your child!

5. Try a different approach/ seek for help

– Don’t ever ‘going it alone’. We should try to use a different approach and maybe it can solve the problem because an attitude of openness and willingness to look outside oneself are essential for success sometimes.

Quite a lot of info right? AHHA. But, it’s ok. Hope each of us get something from this post. Thanks to all the presenters! And YES, thanks a lot to our beloved UMMI ROSSENI for the chance of having a great lecturer as you! We love you!

That’s all. The next post will be on other topics which is also will give a bunch of benefit! Keep in touch. 🙂

 

Malaysian English.. So what..??

cantik

Malaysian English (MyE), formally known as Malaysian Standard English (MySE), is a form of English used and spoken in Malaysia as a second language. Malaysian English should not be confused with Malaysian Colloquial English, which is famously known as Manglish, a portmanteau of the word Malay and English, or Street English.

Sourcehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysian_English

manglish full

Sihat semua…???? Hehe. Excited… Sebenarnya baru balik dari kelas. Kelas Malaysia in Narration. Basically, in this class, kitorang belajar pasal literature and something yang berkenaan dengan literature including Malaysian English writers, segala bagai theories, tema2 literature kita, critical review and macam2 lah! Tapiiiii…… Kelas harini bestttt sangaatt! Sebab Mr. Ravi (lecturer kesayangan kami, hehe) start kelas dengan tunjuk segala bagai English accents yg ada. Mak aii! Tak pernah terfikir plak sebegitu banyak accents dalam English ni!! Haha. They may sounds funny yet weird BUT STILL, ada je yg guna accents tu. Ce tengok nie.. Lawakk kott. Tak faham pun ada. Haha. 😀

 

Then, Mr. Ravi bukak plak lagu2 lama. Kami pun layan jela satu kelas. Lagu Bob Marley la, lagu Diana King, Harry Belafonte.. Haa.. Penah dengar nama diorang..? Bob Marley tu tau la kann.. Tapi best gak lagu diorang. Hehe. TAPI. Serious tak faham sangat apa dia nyanyi. Accent diorang lainnnn sangattt.. Yang mana yg sama macam accent kita tu, faham la. Tapi tu lah variety kita panggil. Ce korang dengar.. Plus, lagu2 diorang kebanyakan pasal nativization, yelahh, tengok la zaman tu zaman mana kan. Zaman lama. Everybody want to fight for their right and wanna show what they truly are. Macam Tanah Melayu dulu la. Korang tahu tak, omputih panggil kita yg duduk area2 sini (diorang paggil East person sebab diorang consider diorang West person) The Orient. Diorang plak The Occident. Apa bezanya..? Diorang generalize kan kita semua sebagai Orient MALAS, LEMBAP, LAMBAT, TAK BERTAMADUN dan sebagainya manakala diorang yg Occident tu RAJIN, BERWAWASAN, BERTAMADUN and semua yg baik2 lah. Haaaa…. Sentap kan? PANASSS. Sebab tu la PERLU ADA Malaysian English writers. Supaya kita bleh crita pasal apa yg ada kat kita. Kita bukan macam apa yg diorang describe tu. Kenalah tulis dlm BI kan. If tak, macamana kita expect diorang nk baca and faham kan? Nenek moyang diorang dulu (termasuklah Stamford Raffles dll.) ada tulis pasal kita. Dalam buku diorang, diorang cerita pasal benda2 negatif yg diorang nampak dulu. DULU. Salah satu sebab diorang terus pandang serong kat kita. Haishhhh!

 

 

 

 

Tapi kita kat Malaysia ni.. Biasa lah. Kita pun belajar English jugak. Ingat diorang je..? Rasanya dah ramai terer2 dalam BI skang. Hehe. Normal lah. Hurmm, kita dekat Malaysia ni macam2 accents juga kita ada + plak dengan slang2 nya yg pelbagai. Haha. Slang and accents are different. Slang is used commonly to ‘words’ ok. Don’t get confused. Contohnya;

BEZA 1

perkataan ‘terror

Definisi ‘terror‘ mengikut http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/terror?q=terror :

noun

  • 1 [mass noun] extreme fear:people fled in terror[in singular]:she had a terror of darkness
  •  the use of extreme fear to intimidate people:weapons of terror
  •  [often as modifier] terrorism:a terror suspecta terror attack
  •  [in singular] a person or thing that causes extreme fear:his delivery is the terror of even world-class batsmen
  •  (the Terror) the period of the French Revolution between mid 1793 and July 1794 when the ruling Jacobin faction, dominated by Robespierre, ruthlessly executed anyone considered a threat to their regime. Also called Reign of Terror.

  • 2 (also holy terror) informal a person, especially a child, that causes trouble or annoyance.

Definisi ‘terror’ kita plak : hebat, cekap

“Oiii, terror nya Add Math hang! 89 markah!”

Korang nampak tak perbezaan penggunaan dia..? Haha. If omputih dengar, konfem diorang confuse. Ha la, terror bagi diorang ialah fear = takut, keganasan. Ce bayang kita cakap macamtu kat omputih, tak ke feninnngg kepala diorang. 😀

Yo brother, you are so terror in Add Math ehh..? Very good lah.”

Tu la salah satu beza English kita kat Malaysia ni. Satu lagi perkataan yg femes yg kita guna ialah ‘power‘. Haa, utk kali ni mesti korang tau kn macamana ayat kita lain dengan pengguaan perkataan tu dalam ayat diorang. 😀 Comel kan..? Haha. 🙂

BEZA 2

Penggunaan partikel -lah kita yg sangat2 la common or widely used kat Malaysia ni.

“Kau beli hadiah utk aku ke? Thanks lah. Susah2 je. Okay lah, need to go now. Bye!

Dr. Ravi cerita, ada la sorang kawan dia ni (lecturer dari luar negara) sangat kagum dengan Manglish kita. So, dia pun nk try la guna partikel -lah tu. I mean, yes, that suffix (-lah) shows how Malaysians we are. Dia pun try guna.

“Hello lah. How are you lah?”

Haha. Don’t you think that is nonsense!? Mana ada kita guna macamtu. Alahaiii… Siann dia. Disadvantage utk dia ialah sebab dia bukan dari culture kita yg dah biasa cakap macam tu and dia tak tau kat mana nak guna pertikel -lah tu. Ingat bleh suka2 ke nak letak -lah tu kat mana? Kena ada kemahiran jugak macam kita ni. *perasan tak?*

BEZA 3

Kadang2 ada jugak antara ayat2 power yg kita guna yg kita rasa macam betul padahal salah. Haaa.. Adaaa… Contohnya;

“You are not coming today, is it?”

“That is not your car, is it?”

“The dinner time is at 8 o’clock is it?”

Perasan tak? Semua guna ‘is it‘. Mana betul tu.. Sepatutnya, kita kena ikut macamana ayat tu mula. Negative statement followed by a positive statement and vice versa. Get it? Ok. Takpe, ada contoh. Contoh ayat yg betul ialah;

“You are not coming today (positive), aren’t you? (negative)”

“That is not your car  (negative), is it? (positive)”

“The dinner time is at 8 o’clock (positive) isn’t it? (negative”

Haaa.. Yg tu baru betul! Kita rasa macam kita cakap dah betul kan? 🙂 Yg jenis2 tu, kita panggil ‘tag question‘. Tu if dalam BI. Tapi dalam BM pun kita ada gak. Haaa…. Ni pun common jugak dalam culture kita. Contoh;

Makcik kita dah call yg dia akan sampai kat rumah kita dengan family dia dalam 10 minit lagi. Then, elok2 dia dah sampai and masuk rumah kita, kita pun tanya “Baru sampai ke makcik?”. Haha. Jangan cakap korang tak pernah buat. Mesti pernah. Ce ingat balik.

Sebenarnya, banyak lagi lah contoh2 yg ada. Saya cuma bagi sikit je. Dekat sini pun ada ——> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_and_Malaysian_English_differences

Saya nk share something kat sini. Funny! Korang pun bacalah. 🙂

OME

British English vs Malaysian English

(For a laugh. Thanks Huang for forwarding the following email:)

Who says our English is teruk.? Just see below –

Ours is simple, short, concise, straight-to-point, effective etc:

WHEN GIVING A CUSTOMER BAD NEWS

Britons: I’m sorry, Sir, but we don’t seem to have the sweater you want in your size, but if you give me a moment, I can call the other outlets for you.
Malaysians: No Stock.

RETURNING A CALL

Britons: Hello, this is John Smith. Did anyone page for me a few moments ago?
Malaysians: Hello, who page?

ASKING SOMEONE TO MAKE WAY

Britons: Excuse me, I’d like to get by. Would you please make way?
Malaysians: S-kew me

WHEN SOMEONE OFFERS TO PAY

Britons: Hey, put your wallet away, this drink is on me.
Malaysians:No-need, lah.

WHEN ASKING FOR PERMISSION

Britons: Excuse me, but do you think it would be possible for me to enter through this door?
Malaysians: (pointing the door) can ar?

WHEN ENTERTAINING

Britons: Please make yourself right at home.
Malaysians: Don’t be shy, lah!

WHEN DOUBTING SOMEONE

Britons: I don’t recall you giving me the money.
Malaysians: Where got?

WHEN DECLINING AN OFFER

Britons: I’d prefer not to do that, if you don’t mind.
Malaysians: Don’t want la…

IN DISAGREEING ON A TOPIC OF DISCUSSION

Britons: Err. Tom, I have to stop you there. I understand where you’re coming from, but I really have to disagree with what you said about the issue.
Malaysians: You mad, ah?

WHEN ASKING SOMEONE TO LOWER THEIR VOICE

Britons: Excuse me, but could you please lower your voice, I’m trying to concentrate over here.
Malaysians: Shut up lah!

WHEN ASKING SOMEONE IF HE/SHE KNOWS YOU

Britons: Excuse me, but I noticed you staring at me for some time.. Do I know you?
Malaysians: See what, see what?

WHEN ASSESSING A TIGHT SITUATION

Britons: We seem to be in a bit of a predicament at the moment.
Malaysians: Die-lah!!

WHEN TRYING TO FIND OUT WHAT HAD HAPPENED

Britons: Will someone tell me what has just happened?
Malaysians: Wat happen Why like that….

WHEN SOME ONE DID SOMETHING WRONG

Britons: This isn’t the way to do it, here let me show you,
Malaysians: like that also don’t know how to do!!!!

WHEN ONE IS ANGRY

Britons: Would you mind not disturbing me
Malaysians: Celaka u

IN PARLIAMENT, THE QUESTION ON “BOCOR”

Briton: Where is the leak? I shall ask the Works Minister to look into it.
Malaysian: STUPID, STUPID, STUPID question. Where got “bocor” ?

Source : http://blog.limkitsiang.com/2007/06/30/british-english-vs-malaysian-english/

PROUD TO BE MALAYSIAN.

 
2 Comments

Posted by on April 15, 2013 in Cerita Ceritu Ceriti

 

REFLECTION 6 : SAALE MODEL, AUTISM & DOWN SYNDROME

Hi! How are you? Is everything going well..? Naahhh.. Whatever happens, for sure it is for a reason. It’s okay.

dugaan_done

For this time, our reflection is based from our tutorial class presentations from my classmates. We are assigned with certain topics which Ummi had chosen for all of us. The presenters for week 8 are Adira, Kak Nadia & Yasmin. They are all seeming confident and ready to present their task though we had problem in booking the computer lab. Oh yeah, the master students said that they were going to have test in that lab according to their lecturer. Not to be rude, but perhaps each of us should learn once again how to respect others. Our lecturer was already there, still, they ignore her like she was nothing. That’ make me wonder if there is a difference between a degree lecturer and a master lecturer. Thought that we need to respect people all the same regardless their position etc. But never mind, I can’t expect others to be like what I want them to be. The class session went on so well and happening! Thank Goodness! They are all good! Thank you korangggg…!

The first presenter is Adira, presenting her task entitle ‘What are the components of SAALE MODEL? Discuss how teachers can use the model’. This cute little Adira enchants us with her explanation about the topic until Ummi herself praises our sweet little Adira. From her explanation, we understood that SAALE MODEL is a Systematic Approach for Adapting the Learning Environment. The aim of this model is to allow the disable students to get the same curriculum which means giving an extra opportunity and access to each of the students. There are 3 components of SAALE MODEL including;
First : Adapted Environment (socio-emotional environment, behavioral environment, physical environment). The teacher needs to alert of the class situation and make changes if any problem persist.
Second : Adapted Instructional Environment : Planning & Teaching (lesson plans, techniques, format or content, media). In this situation, the teacher can make changes whenever needed.
Third: Adapted Evaluation (student evaluation, grading). The teacher needs to do a holistic evaluation which is done from time to time.

The second presenter is Kak Nadia. She is presenting on a topic ‘AUTISM’. There is much information that she gave us. While presenting, she told us about her experience with one little kid who has autism. It is entertaining. Thank you Kak Nadia. 🙂 She explained that the major characteristic of Autism person is they have difficulty in communication (impaired communication- verbal and non-verbal), problems with social interactions (understanding others and abnormal social play), have unusual behavior (repetitive movement and sensitive to light, sound etc.) and difficulty in learning (have cognitive problems- attention, organization, sequencing). Kak Nadia also had explained about how to teach students with Autism.

  • Instructional approaches
  • Strategies for classroom management
  • Strategies for communication development
  • Strategies for teaching social skills
  • Teaching functional skills

The last presenter of the day is Yasmin, my very very caring ‘jiran’. Hehe. Yes. We stay at the same college and at the same floor. Yasmin’s task is about ‘Down Syndrome Children, how teachers can accommodate in teaching and learning session?’. According to Yasmin explanation, down syndrome occurs when there is a presence of chromosome 21.  They have different IQ value (35-50) compared to a normal person (100) and have delays in cognitive ability and physical growth. Usually, down syndrome child can be recognized by the same features they have, including small head, epicanthal folds, flat midface, smooth philtrum, underdeveloped jaw, thin upper lip, short nose, small eye openings and low nasal bridge. This kind of children can be sent to regular school or to specialized educational facilities, depends to their parents. A teacher should know and learn about Down Syndrome child to make it easy to accommodate them. Here are the teacher’s role in dealing with Down Syndrome child;

  • Change the perception
  • Involve the students – let them feel motivated
  • Have talk with child’s parents
  • Implement simpler task
  • Demonstrate instead of giving instruction
  • Be clear about what you want them to do
  • Give feedbacks to them

course_done

Ummi said that she satisfied with all the presenters and their presentation. All of us felt the same. Thanks once again  kooranngg (Adira, Kak Nadia, Yasmin) for the useful info!

tq

 

REFLECTION 5 : MIRACLE WORKER (DOWN SYNDROME)

Assalamualaikum & hi everyone!

Ahhaaa.. Hope you’re having a very very very nice day..! Hehe

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Okay! This time around, we will discuss on a movie that I had watched together with all my friends in Dr. Rosseni class (though she was not around for that day). When I first heard that Ummi Rosseni was not around, I thought that this class will be a little bit ‘suram’. YES! Because no one there to handle the class. But then it turned out to be totally different! Guess what?! We watched ‘The Miracle Worker’ together in a class like watching a movie at a cinema! It was REALLY FUN! Imran (my dedicated classmate) had told us that the movie is about Hellen Keller. Such a beautiful biographical story. Did you know her..?? HELLEN KELLER. The first time I knew her story was during my first semester of 2nd year, doing my Psycholinguistic course. You can read the story below to understand a little bit about Hellen Keller and the synopsis of ‘The Miracle Worker – 2000’.

Helen Adams Keller was born on June 27, 1880 in Tuscumbia, Alabama. In 1882, she fell ill and was struck blind, deaf and mute. Beginning in 1887, Keller’s teacher, Anne Sullivan, helped her make tremendous progress with her ability to communicate, and Keller went on to college, graduating in 1904. In 1920, Keller helped found the ACLU. During her lifetime, she received many honors in recognition of her accomplishments.

hellen1_done

Early life

Hellen Keller was the first two daughters born to Arthur H. Keller and Katherine Adams Keller. She also had two older stepbrothers. Keller’s father had proudly served as an officer in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. The family was not particularly wealthy and earned income from their cotton plantation. Later, Arthur became the editor of a weekly local newspaper, the North Alabamian.

Keller was born with her senses of sight and hearing, and started speaking when she was just 6 months old. She started walking at the age of 1.

Loss of Sight and Hearing

In 1882, however, Keller contracted an illness—called “brain fever” by the family doctor—that produced a high body temperature. The true nature of the illness remains a mystery today, though some experts believe it might have been scarlet fever or meningitis. Within a few days after the fever broke, Keller’s mother noticed that her daughter didn’t show any reaction when the dinner bell was rung, or when a hand was waved in front of her face. Keller had lost both her sight and hearing. She was just 18 months old.

As Keller grew into childhood, she developed a limited method of communication with her companion, Martha Washington, the young daughter of the family cook. The two had created a type of sign language, and by the time Keller was 7, they had invented more than 60 signs to communicate with each other. But Keller had become very wild and unruly during this time. She would kick and scream when angry, and giggle uncontrollably when happy. She tormented Martha and inflicted raging tantrums on her parents. Many family relatives felt she should be institutionalized.

Educator Anne Sullivan

Looking for answers and inspiration, in 1886, Keller’s mother came across a travelogue by Charles Dickens, American Notes. She read of the successful education of other deaf and blind child, Laura Bridgman, and soon dispatched Keller and her father to Baltimore, Maryland to see specialist Dr. J. Julian Chisolm. After examining Keller, Chisolm recommended that she see Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, who was working with deaf children at the time. Bell met with Keller and her parents, and suggested that they travel to the Perkins Institute for the Blind in Boston, Massachusetts. There, the family met with the school’s director, Michael Anaganos. He suggested Helen work with one of the institute’s most recent graduates, Anne Sullivan. And so began a 49-year relationship between teacher and pupil.

http://www.biography.com/people/helen-keller-9361967?page=1

teacher1_done

Yes.. That’s how the story goes. It is such a beautiful story! You have to watch it! *I know I keep asking you to watch all the movies that I had watched. Haha* You’re not gonna regret it. Seriously. The one that we had watched was actually a new version of the movie of 1962 (with the same title). The movie won many awards during that time, like 6 something if I’m not mistaken. *Tak percaya ke..?

Haa.. Here’s the link. You can explore yourself.

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0056241/awards

It was very cute when you watched the movie together and cry together in the class right? I had tears in my eyes but I can’t cry out loud, though I want to. Haha. But we caught Kak Ana & Imran (both are my classmate) were sobbing and wipe their tears while watching this movie. Kinda cute right? Ahhh.. It’s okay. I mean, the story itself has its inner strength to make you touching even if you watched it again and again. But the important thing is, how the moral values will affect your perspective towards diverse learner who have many problems to get themselves engaged with learning. How you will overcome such situation, how you will react to it, the patience you need and many other things!

hellen_2_done

These are some of the moral values that I can share with you :

1- DON’T GIVE UP

The first thing that I learned in this movie is DON’T GIVE UP. Like Hellen’s parents, they don’t give up to cure her and always trying their best to fulfill Helen’s need. Maybe there’s sometimes when both of them are lost because of their love to Hellen, so that they can’t control their emotions. Arthur H. Keller (Hellen’s father) has the intention to send her to an asylum but her mother disagrees with the suggestion. It shows how stronger the mother love towards her daughter. I believe our mother will definitely do the same if they are in her shoes. After they met Annie Sullivan (Hellen’s teacher), they start to concern more to Hellen and Hellen’s mother starting to believe that her daughter can be cured. Besides, we can see from Annie Sullivan herself who is so courages and patience to teach Hellen to be able to communicate. That’s the quality that all teachers need to have. She NEVER GIVE UP when everybody else did.

2- COURAGES

You definitely know who is the person I meant. Anne Sullivan. Hellen’s teacher. She is sooooo courages and patience. I wonder if I have the same courage and patience like she had. Haha. How about you..? From the beginning of the story we can see that it was so hard for her to teach Hellen.  Yes, first is because Hellen like to rebel, tantrum and secondly is because her parents treats her with too much compassion. Despite of that, Anne Sullivan finds another way so that she can be alone with Hellen and teach her how to communicate (through sign language) though it was full of challenges. She loves Hellen as much as she love Jimmie, his brother’s who died from tuberculosis when he was about eight years old. How ironic when someones who had once blind herself but now sighted thanks to nine operations on her eyes, is determined to break through Helen’s world of darkness and silence. But at the end, she did it! *That’s why I love the ending. Hehe J

3- UNDERSTANDING

For this moral value, it suits best for Hellen’s half brother, James Keller. Supposedly, he is the one who needs to help Hellen  and take care of her. Instead of being understanding, he makes fun of her and wedged his father to send Heller to an asylum. He wants to prove himself to his father, get his attention and be the best that he can  but he got it the wrong way until Anne Sullivan advised him just to be himself. Actually, he’s jealous for the attention which Hellen gets. I think the best quotes for this situation is :

eyes_done

 

* DOWN SYNDROME :

Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder caused by an error in cell division that results in an extra 21st chromosome. The condition leads to impairments in both cognitive ability and physical growth that range from mild to moderate developmental disabilities. Through a series of screenings and tests, Down syndrome can be detected before and after a baby is born.

The only factor known to affect the probability of having a baby with Down syndrome is maternal age. That is, less than one in 1,000 pregnancies for mothers less than 30 years of age results in a baby with Down syndrome. For mothers who are 44 years of age, about 1 in 35 pregnancies results in a baby with Down syndrome. Because younger women generally have more children, about 75 – 80% of children with Down syndrome are born to younger women.

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/145554.php

 

NIKMATNYA BERADA DALAM AGAMA ALLAH 2

Assalamualaikum_by_MUSA_KUUMA

HAI! Jumpa lagi! Apa khabar semua..? Sihat..? Alhamdulillah… Eh.. Tapi if sakit pun takpe. Sakit tu kan penghapus dosa-dosa kita. Meh nak share something..

Apabila seorang hamba Allah jatuh sakit, Allah akan utuskan 4 orang malaikat :

1. Malaikat Pertama akan mengambil SELERA MAKANNYA
2. Malaikat Kedua akan mengambil REZEKINYA
3. Malaikat Ketiga akan mengambil KECANTIKAN WAJAH ( pucat )
4. Malaikat Keempat akan mengambil DOSANYA

Apabila telah sampai waktu yang telah Allah tetapkan untuk hambaNya kembali sihat, Allah akan menyuruh Malaikat Pertama, Malaikat Kedua dan Malaikat Ketiga supaya memberi balik apa yang telah diambil oleh mereka. Akan tetapi Allah tidak menyuruh Malaikat Keempat memberi balik dosa hambaNya tersebut. Subhanallah, betapa Mulia dan Baik Hati nya Allah terhadap kita. Janganlah bersangka buruk terhadap Allah ketika sakit, bersyukurlah dan ucaplah Alhamdulillah ke atasNya. Sesungguhnya setiap kesakitan itu adalah penghapus segala dosa.

Sumber : http://bamna.blogspot.com/2012/03/sabar-sakit-itu-penghapus-dosa.html

sick_done

Saya pun tak sihat sangat. Migrain. Sampai tarik urat2 mata. Masa tu Allah je yang tau. Punyalah doa taknak buta. Huhu. Tapi Alhamdulillah, dah ok. Migrain pun dah kurang. TERIMA KASIH PUSAT KESIHATAN UKM. TERIMA KASIH YA ALLAH. 🙂

Ok. Move on! Usrah minggu ni sebenarnya banyak sangat cabarannya. *Errr.. Banyak la jugak* Usrah kami ialah setiap malam Selasa. Rabu tu plak saya ada satu presentation. Khamis got 2 more presentations. Jumaat ada micro-teaching (al-maklum la, tecer kena la ngajo). Hurmm.. Dalam hati dah terdetik, –> tak payah pergi la, siapkan je slides utk presentation esok. Dah la markah kumpulan even sorang je kena present <–. EH. Ishk, seminggu sekali pun ada fikiran camtu kan. Padahal ke arah benda baik. Haishhh, akhirnya saya kuatkan semangat & niat lillah hi Ta’ala. Alhamdulilah, pergi jugak bersama jiran terchenta (YASMIN KHAIRANI). Hehe. Hamboihh, panjang plak mukadimah kann, padahal belum masuk intro usrah lagi ni. 😀

minkot

..jiran terchenta..

Haa, harini Ustaz Mat kembali bersama kami, berkongsi ilmu. Kami masih di dalam tajuk ‘Nikmatnya berada dalam agama Allah’. Ustaz membuka perbincangan malam ini dengan bertanya kami tentang ‘BARBARIAN’. Err, pernah la dengar, tapi terlupa apa itu ‘barbarian‘. Ouhhh, orang gasar. Kann2..? Barbarian tu orang gasar kan..? Thank you Bro Asri sebab gitau. Hehe. Then Ustaz pun cakap, “Dulu saya pun ingat mcm tu. Rupa2nya lepas baca satu buku ni, dia bagitau barbarian tu maksudnya bengong“. GULP! Err.. Ok. Bengong. Baru saya tauuu..

Oleh sebab taknak memanjangkan cerita, Ustaz pun menyambung kembali perbincangan kami berkenaan ‘Saya Mesti Menguasai Diri’. Antara sebab-sebab kita perlu menguasai diri ialah :

Menunjukkan kemenangan kita kerana mampu menguasai nafsu

Mengikut kata Ustaz, Ustaz Rashidy Jamil menyatakan bahawa fiqh tanpa tasawwuf adalah sesat manakala tasawwuf tanpa fiqh pula adalah tempang/menyimpang/zindiq. Ini juga ada dinyatakan oleh Imam Maliki (Malik bin Anas – Ulama besar mazhab Maliki) yang juga murid  Imam Jafar as Shadiq ra. Haaa… Kagum tak..? Macam terer je kan. Terima kasih kepada http://sufimuda.net/2008/05/16/kesaksian-para-ulama-fiqih-tentang-tasawuf/. Hehe. Haaa… Tasawwuf tu apa pulak kan..? Fiqh plak apa maksudnya..? OK. Kita share eh.

Tasawwuf : Tasawuf ialah mensucikan hati daripada tertambat dengan makhluk, meninggalkan perangai tabi’e yang buruk, memadamkan sifar-sifat kemanusiaan (yang buruk), menjauhi dorongan nafsu, bersifat dengan sifat kerohanian, berpegang dengan hakikat segala perkataan, mengutamakan ALlah pada setiap masa, menasihati seluruh umat, menyempurnakan janji kepada ALlah dan mengikut syar’iat RasuluLlah sallaLLahu ‘alaihi wasallam.

Fiqh : Dari segi bahasa kalimah Fiqh bermaksud memahami. Pada asalnya ia bermaksud memahami agama secara keseluruhannya. Namun kemudiannya dikhususkan ulamak kepada memahami ajaran Islam yang berkaitan dengan hukum-hakam amali sahaja, iaitu percakapan, perbuatan dan hal-ehwal luaran manusia tanpa menyentuh soal aqidah dan akhlak.Secara lebih jelas, ilmu Fiqh ditakrifkan oleh ulamak sebagai; “Ilmu berkenaan hukum-hakam Syarak yang bersifat ‘amali yang diperolehi dari dalil-dalilnya secara terperinci”.

Daripada satu blog yang saya baca, penulis tu menyatakan;

Ahli Tasawuf berkata : “Lebih baik orang yang zina tapi taubat, dari pada orang sembahyang yang melamun tapi merasa bangga”.

Disisi lain seorang ahli fiqh berkata: “Lebih baik orang yang sembayang melamun daripada orang yang zina”.

Jadi, anda nampak tak kepentingan keselarian kedua-dua ilmu tu..? Dalam perkataan yang lebih ringkas, maksudnya dua2 pun penting. Tak boleh la pilih salah satu je. Tak berapa nk balance. If kita ada dua2 ilmu tu, baru lah boleh kita menguasai nafsu kita ni. Haaa.. Susah tau nk kawal nafsu. Then Ustaz tanya “Antara nafsu & akal, yg mana satu ketua? Maksudnya yg mana datang dulu kat kita?”. ADOI. Tak pernah terfikir plak sebelum ni. Korang faham tak..? Contohnya : ‘Lapar lah. Japgi nak beli Pizza lah. Dah lama teringin. Ha, nasi kandar pun nak jgak. Lama tak makan. Waahhhh… Kecur air liur’. – Ha, tu akal yg utarakan idea nk makan Pizza & nasi kandar ke OR nafsu je yg suruh. Tak pernah terfikir plak. Sebab sebelum ni saya fikir yg mana yg baik tu semua dari akal, dan yg mana yg buruk tu semua dari nafsu. Entah la. Ustaz biar je kami terkulat-kulat fikir. Saya pun nampaknya sedang melakukan perkara yg sama kepada anda. Haha. Ce fikir. Saya pun tak pasti. 🙂 Dengan slumbernya Ustaz meneruskan lagi dan menyatakan bahawa kita semua lahir dalam keadaan yang merdeka, tak jadi hamba sesiapa, so tiada siapa yg boleh penjarakan kita, lebih2 lagi pemikiran kita. Sebab itulah kita perlu menguasai nafsu dan diri sendiri. Ini seterusnya membawa kepada point yg kedua.

Membezakan pandangan hati vs akal

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Nilai taraf ilmu bagi Barat adalah melalui logik manakala kita adalah melalui akal DAN iman. Ustaz bercerita bahawa orang kafir/bukan Islam ada bertanyakan serta mempersoalkan berkenaan ‘Dalam Islam mengapa baby yg baru lahir jika meninggal akan terus masuk Syurga sedangkan kita yg hidup ini masih belum pasti akan ganjaran Syurga tersebut? Apa bezanya? Adakah sebab mereka baby? Apa jawapan yg anda akan berikan?” Ustaz bertanya kepada kami. Seorang menjawab ‘Sebab kita ni dilahirkan ibarat kain putih yg bersih. Yg baby tu, kain putih tersebut belum sempat dicorakkan manakala kita yg hidup ni dah ada macam2 corak. Sebab tu la. KOT.’ Tersenyum kami semua. ‘Logik jugak,’ kata Ustaz. ‘Apa jawapan Ustaz?’ kami bertanya. Ustaz menarik nafas dan menjawab sambil tersenyum (terasa macam ayat2 dlm novel plak), ‘Sebab baby masa meninggal takda akal lagi. Still tak boleh fikir, lainlah dengan yg dah besar, dah boleh fikir & buat keputusan. Semua sebab akal. Adalah zalim bagi Allah S.W.T utk terus menghukum seseorang itu yg belum ada akal, belum mampu berfikir samada untuk ke Syurga kah atau ke Neraka. Yg dah besar2, ada akal, boleh fikir, boleh buat keputusan baik buruk, mana boleh bandingkan.’ Haaa.. Saya setuju! Betul lah kan, habis tu macam mana dengan org gila/tak siuman/hilang ingatan dan yg lebih kurang dengannya? Takkan Allah terus nak masukkan diorang dalam Neraka kn? Zalim bukan sifat Allah. Dalam Asma-Ul-Husna yg kita nyanyi tu pun mana ada mention zalim. Sifat Allah ada 99. ZALIM BUKAN SIFAT ALLAH S.W.T. Tuntasnya, jika hati kita bersih, barulah dapat kawal nafsu and diri kita. Tapi jika hati kotor, susah sikit lah nk kawal. Itu bergantung pula kepada iman kita & hidayah Allah. Itulah pentingnya akal dan iman. 🙂

‘Janganlah kita jadi seperti orang munafik. Org munafik ni ialah org yg beriman tapi dia tak buat/amalkan apa yg dia tahu. Golongan jenis ini, mereka mendapat amaran yg besar daripada Allah S.W.T. Kemurkaan Allah berat terhadap mereka,’ nasihat Ustaz kepada kami. Ayat di bawah ini ada menerangkan berkenaan org munafik. Saya sertakan juga ciri-ciri orang munafik sebagai perkongsian. Semoga Allah S.W.T menjauhkan kita daripada sifat2 ini. Huhu. In sha Allah.. *banyak kena berubah and munasabah diri balik ni..* 😦

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50 Tanda-tanda Orang Munafik Mengikut Al-Quran Dan As-Sunnah

1. Malas Beribadah Kepada Allah SWT
Malas mengerjakan solat, segan untuk menempatkan diri di saf pertama, enggan mencari ilmu pengetahuan dan berat melangkah untuk ke majlis kebajikan

2. Lupa Kepada Allah

3. Melalaikan Solat Fardhu
Sengaja melengahkan atau lambat menunaikan solat sehingga berada di akhir atau habis waktunya

4. Mempercepatkan Pergerakan Solat
Orang yang mempercepatkan solatnya tanpa rasa khusyuk dan lupakan Allah, maka solatnya tidak diterima Allah. Itulah solat orang yang munafik

5. Gemar Meninggalkan Solat Berjemaah
Sihat dari segi fizikal dan jasmani, mempunyai waktu lapang dan tidak uzur syarie, tetapi tidak mahu mendatangai masjid ketika mendengar seruan azan

6. Meninggalkan Solat Jumaat

7.Melakukan Dosa Dan Kemungkaran Secara Sembunyi
Berpura-pura melakukan kebaikan di tengah2 orang ramai dan gemar melakukan kemungkaran di belakang orang adalah dibenci Allah SWT
8. Menyuruh Yang Mungkar Dan Melarang Yang Ma’ruff

9. Menyembunyikan Ilmu Pengetahuan
Orang-orang yang memiliki ilmu dan apabila ditanya orang lain sedang dia mengetahui persoalan yang ditanyakan itu tetapi tidak menjelaskannya. Ini merupakan perbuatan yang menghalang kemajuan umat Islam dan dapat menutup kebenaran
10. Mengamalkan Riak

11. Hasad Dengki

12. Dusta

13. Mungkir janji

14. Bakhil

15. Fitnah
Menyampaikan keburukan orang lain di kalangan orang ramai supaya mereka membenci atau memusuhinya. Ia juga tergolong dalam sifat-sifar munafik dan dosa-dosa besar

16. Mencaci maki
Menyakiti orang lain dan mencemarkan maruah seseorang itu

17. Mengumpat

18. Mengungkit Pemberian Kepada Orang Yang Menyakiti Hatinya
Mengungkit kembali pemberian kepada orang lain dengan harapan dikenang jasa dan sumbangannya serta ingin menyakiti hati orang lain. Perbuatan ini dicela didalam Islam

19. Mengingkari Takdir
Sesungguhnya orang yang menolak, membenci atau mengingakari takdir Allah, tergolong dalam golongan kufur dan rosak iman dan mendapat azab serta kemurkaan Allah

20. Mempersendakan Kesucian Agama
Perbuatan mempersenda kesucian dan agama Islam adalah suatu yang amat dibenci dan dilarang dalam Islam kerana ia seolah-olah menentang sesuatu yang diturunkan Allah
21. Enggan Berjihad

22. Menghina Sahabat Rasulullah SAW
Perbuatan ini dianggap melanggar larangan baginda, berdosa besar dan termasuk dalam golongan orang munafik

23. Menyembunyikan Persaksian Pada Jalan Yang Benar

24. Menangguhkan Pembayaran Hutang

25. Menipu Dalam Jual Beli
Perbuatan menipu ini adalah melibatkan amalan timbang atau sukat sesuatu barang tanpa kadar yang mencukupi atau menjual barangan yang rosak dimana, menimbulkan rasa kecewa dan tidak puas hati pembeli pada akhirnya

26. Ghasab
Ghasab ialah mengambil atau menguasai harta ( tanah ) orang lain dengan jalan aniaya, iaitu jalan yang tidak diredhai Islam. Perbuatan ini walaupun dengan mengambil cuma sejengkal, adalah termasuk perbuatan dosa besar dan munafik

27. Bergaul Dengan Orang Yang Memperolok Al Quran

28. Memakan Harta Anak Yatim

29. Membuka Rahsia Orang Lain

30. Merasa Aman Dari Murka Allah Apabila Berbuat Dosa
Apabila seseorang melakukan dosa dan merasa selamat dari murka dan seksaan Allah, maka anggapan ini adalah berdosa besar dan amalan orang-orang munafik

31. Memanggil Orang Dengan Gelaran Buruk Yang Tidak Disukai

32. Menghalangi Orang Dari Mengamalkan Ajaran Islam

33. Suka Kepada Kesesatan Dan Menyesatkan Orang Lain

34. Bermuka Dua
Sikap ini ialah apabila diajak untuk mengikut jalan Allah, sengaja melambat-lambatkan dan tidak mahu. Tetapi, apabila diajak ke jalan yang dimurkai Allah, dengan senang dan cepat mereka menurutnya

35. Menyanjung Dan Memuji Orang Tanpa Diketahui Keadaan Sebenar

36. Sombong Antara Sesama Manusia

37. Suka Berbantah Dan Bertengkar Sesama Muslim

38. Melampaui Batas Yang Digariskan Oleh Allah
Perbuatan yang menurut kehendak nafsu sehingga boleh tersesat dan menyesatkan pada jalan yang benar sebagaimana Yahudi dan Nasrani

39. Berputus Asa Dalam Menghadapi Cabaran Hidup

40. Membazir Dalam Memanfaatkan Nikmat Allah

41. Keluh Kesah Apabila Ditimpa Musibah

42. Mengkhianat Sesuatu Amanah

43. Memutuskan Silaturrahim

44. Memecahbelahkan Perpaduan Kaum Muslimin

45. Menghalalkan Yang Haram

46. Membuat Kerosakan Di Muka Bumi

47. Menuduh Orang Beriman
Orang Munafik mempunyai pendirian yang lemah dan amat sedikit memiliki ilmu pengetahuan tentang perkara yang bermanfaat dan memudharatkan. Justeru, mereka menuduh orang beriman atau kurang ilmu pengetahuan dalam urusan kehidupan

48. Mengubah Dan Menyalahgunakan Ayat-ayat Allah

49. Bersumpah Dengan Selain Nama Allah SWT

50. Merasa Gembira Apabila Musibah Menimpa Orang Beriman

Memang tak semua, tapi sikit2 tu ada jugak pada diri kita. ERR. DIRI SAYA. Kena minta ampun kat Allah and cuba berubah kepada yg lebih baik lepas ni. *AZAM*

Ustaz ada bercerita tentang Firaun, Haman (penasihat Firaun) & Qarun (seorang yg kaya raya giler). Tapi post ni pun dh terlalu panjang. Nanti saya ceritakan di waktu yang lain. Dipendekkan apa yg telah kami kongsikan pada usrah kali ini termasuklah berkenaan;

Tanda2 jiwa/hati yang ada masalah

– lupa kepada Allah S.W.T

– ragu2 dan was-was

surah-an-nas2

Haa.. Focus kt ayat no. 4. AL-QANNAS. Pembisik dan Penghasut. AL-QANNAS ni lah selalu yg berada dalam diri kita menurut Ustaz. Macam saya tadi. Saya memang jenis yg akan iron baju/pakaian siap2 untuk seminggu  akan datang. Maksudnya saya pilih siap2 baju mana nk pakai utk pergi kelas minggu depan, pergi usrah, pergi meeting, baju utk presentation dlm kelas dan lain2 lah, then iron terus stok pakaian utk seminggu. Haha. Takyah nk fikir dah nanti. Saya dh iron dh baju utk nak pergi usrah. Then lepas Maghrib tu, saya dh terasa malas nk pergi usrah. Dalam hati bisik “Alah, tak pergi sekali je. Minggu akan datang pergi lah. Lagipun esok ada presentation. Apa bahan pun tak siap lagi nak present. Dah la aku sorang je presenter wakil group aku. Niaya if tak buat betul2. Esok presentation (Rabu), Khamis presentation lagi, Jumaat micro-teaching plak. ALAMAKKK. EH. Tapi usrah kn benda baik. Takkan tak pergi kot. Haishh. Malasnyaaaa…..”

Naaaaahhhhhh, nampak tak kt situ? Mengikut Ustaz, tu la AL-QANNAS. Biasanya niat kita yg pertama tu dah betul dah. Then if datang pemikiran yang kedua, BIASANYA tulah AL-QANNAS. Pembisik dan Penghasut. So, lepas ni if korang nk buat kebaikan ke apa2 yg positive, tapi ragu2, was-was dan sebagainya, ingat, tu semua adalah sebab AL-QANNAS! Hehe. Ia bertiup2 membisikkan dalam hati kita.

Bagaimana menghadapi godaan syaitan

– jangan makan terlampau kenyang

– sentiasa/rajin2kanlah membaca Al-Quran dan berzikir

– jangan tergopoh-gapah dalam melakukan sesuatu

*sebenarnya ada banyak lagi. Boleh google kt internet juga 🙂

Panjang pulak post minggu ni kan. Huhu. Cuak pulak rasanya. Sebenarnya ada lagi tau. Tapi takpe.. Saya bawak ke post minggu yg akan datang ok? HA. OK. Semoga perkongsian ini berguna! Till then

salam new

 

http://jomfaham.blogspot.com/2009/05/apakah-erti-tasawuf.html

http://jalansufi.com/jalan-sufi-Islam-Sufi-jalansufi.com/apa-maksud-ilmu-fiqh

http://akhfa.blogspot.com/2009/01/ungkapan-ahli-tasawuf-dan-ahli-fiqih.html

http://wwwlamanislam.blogspot.com/p/jauhkan-aku-daripada-50-tanda-tanda.html

 
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Posted by on April 2, 2013 in Usrah

 

REFLECTION 4 : MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES (DIVERSITY IN COGNITIVE ABILITY & MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES)

personality_done

Assalamualaikum and hi!!

I’m a little bit excited about writing this post as I am very enthusiast towards knowing my own personality.  Besides, I also love to know about others. Nahh.. Of course, not in a bad way. In fact, I do know how  to read peoples personality. I learn it by myself. Ahha. Just an amateur. But for me it is enough to understand the reason of why some action had to be taken, I know when people lie to me, which friends behavior suits mine and so on. YES. I use that knowledge in my everyday life. I observe peoples and think a lot. Maybe that’s why I am a demure person. *Seriously? Hehe*

I have many collections of personality test and the results on myself. Whenever my self confidence is down, I will refer to that to get my strength and revise my weakness. It helps me. Alhamdulillah. Did you know that based from the fruits that we like, we can know our personality? Actually, there are a lot of mechanisms that we can use to know our personality and understanding ourself. For example, from the fruits that we like, from our hairstyle, from the way we walk, the types of watch that we love to wear, from our handwriting styles and many more. Impressive right?

OK! Back to my reflection regarding multiple intelligences test that I’ve taken last night. I don’t know, but I think it really suits my character and the way I am. Actually, there are 8 items of multiple intelligences which are :

1- Linguistic (Word smart)

2- Logical (Number smart)

3- Interpersonal (People smart)

4- Intrapersonal ( Myself smart)

5- Musical (Music smart)

6- Visual/Spatial (Picture smart)

7- Naturalistic (Nature smart)

8- Kinaesthetic (Body smart)

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You are in which group? Same as mine? NO? YES? As for myself, I have to admit that I am an intrapersonal person. I really care and love myself. I know what I want, why I’m behaving like this or like that, what’s the best for me, how to control myself and I understand almost everything about myself. No… I didn’t say I understand every single thing, BUT almost everything. Yes. Maybe that’s the reason of why I like to read, observe and understand about human personality. So that I can reflect myself and understand peoples better. Besides, I also love music! It makes me feel great though I’m in a bad mood. Haha. Nahh.. I’m not so choosy. I love all kind of music as long as it sounds okay to my ear.

All right! This is my result! I get full mark for Intrapersonal, Musical, Logical and Linguistic. As you can see, my Interpersonal skill (People smart) is not so good. I wonder why. Maybe because I love myself more than I care about others. Haha. Not to be selfish, but I really love to work by myself instead of having a group work. That doesn’t mean I don’t have a good relationship with my friends. I just prefer to work by myself as I know what I can do, what I want to do, my ability and capability, my strength, my weakness and so on. I believe many of my friends have the same opinion. OUH. AHHA. You want to take the test as well? OH. YES. SURE. I put the links below. Just click the link and there you are. 🙂

done

http://www.familyeducation.com/home/

http://www.literacyworks.org/mi/assessment/findyourstrengths.html

The reason Ummi asked us to do the multiple intelligences test is make us became aware of the diverse learner that we got in a classroom. As a teacher/future teacher, we should have the knowledge in order to fulfil each of our students need for education or knowledge. For example, some students perform well by having a group work but some prefer to work as an individual. The others maybe study by drawing/sketching maps and some students understand better when listening to music while studying. Each people is different.  It’s good to have the knowledge as we can use it in our teaching by having various approaches in teaching. The aim is not to focus on certain group of students but to get all the students engage with the learning. In sha Allah, we can be a good teacher/mentor towards others.

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* DIVERSITY IN COGNITIVE ABILITY& MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES :

Cognitive ability refers to the individual’s capacity to think, reason, and problem solved. Cognitive ability is measured through tests of intelligence and cognitive skills.

http://learningdisabilities.about.com/od/C/g/Cognitive-Ability-What-Is-Cognitive-Ability.htm

According to Gardner (1999a), intelligence is much more than IQ because a high IQ in the absence of productivity does not equate to intelligence. In his definition, “Intelligence is a biopsychological potential to process information that can be activated in a cultural setting to solve problems or create products that are of value in a culture” (p.34). Consequently, instead of intelligence being a single entity described psychometrically with an IQ score, Gardner’s definition views it as many things. He endeavored to define intelligence in a much broader way than psychometricians. To achieve this goal Gardner (1983; 1999a) established several criteria for defining intelligence. In identifying capabilities to be considered for one of the “multiple intelligences” the construct under consideration had to meet several criteria rather than resting on the results of a narrow psychometric approach.

To qualify as an “intelligence” the particular capacity under study was considered from multiple perspectives consisting of eight specific criteria drawn from the biological sciences, logical analysis, developmental psychology, experimental psychology, and psychometrics.

http://www.indiana.edu/~intell/mitheory.shtml

 

PEMBUDAYAAN ILMU

Assalamualaikum semua! Apa khabar? Sihat..?

Haa.. Tajuk usrah minggu ni ialah ‘Pembudayaan Ilmu’ oleh Ustaz Faiz. Mula2 dengar tajuk ni, saya agak senang hati memandangkan tajuk harini ialah tajuk perbincangan yg ringan je. Yelah. Pembudayaan ilmu. Biasa la kan.. Kita belajar, dapat ilmu, jadikan ia sebagai budaya kita. Rupanyaaaaaa takkkkkk…. Saya salah! Tajuk pembudayaan ilmu itu ialah suatu tajuk yg berat! Hakikat ini telah menyedarkan saya bahawa betapa saya naif dalam hidup sebagai mahasiswi yg hanya memandang enteng terhadap perkara sebegini. Malah, tidak pernah saya terfikir pun sebelum ini.

Jom saya kongsikan isi perbincangan kami tu. 🙂

Ustaz Faiz memulakan tajuk perbincangan kami dengan menasihatkan kami supaya menjadikan ilmu sebagai landasan di dunia ini. Maksudnya, kita menganut Islam bukan hanya pada nama sahaja malah mempraktikkannya ke dalam kehidupan harian juga. Bukankah dalam ayat pertama yg diturunkan kepada Nabi Muhammad S.A.W juga ditekankan mengenai kepentingan membaca?

suroh pertama diturunkan

Perasan tak yg ayat ni diturunkan dengan perintah untuk kita membaca, bukan sujud, solat, puasa, haji dan lain2 ibadat. Kenapa..? Ternyata ia memberi kefahaman kepada kita bahawa pentingnya dan istimewanya amalan membaca itu. Dengan membaca, kita dapat menambahkan ilmu pengetahuan dan menajamkan tahap pemikiran. Orang yg berilmu akan disegani, dihormati, disayangi & menjadi rujukan atau role model kepada orang lain. Dan pastinya konsep pembudayaan ilmu itu adalah lebih mendalam dan bukan hanya setakat menghadiri kuliah je. Pergi kelas, balik, belajar, dapat ilmu. Takkkk..! Salah tu! Terus ustaz utarakan soalan yg pasti akan membuat anda terkesima. *Saya dah lalui. Hehe*

APA YANG KITA FAHAM TENTANG ILMU..??

APA BEZANYA ANTARA KITA BELAJAR DI SEKOLAH & DI UNIVERSITI..?

APA PULA BEZANYA ANTARA MENJADI PELAJAR & MAHASISWA/I..?

Banyak jawapan yg kami berikan. Macam2 jawapan lah keluar. “Semua tu betul, tapi masih kurang tepat,” kata ustaz. Haiisshhh. Pening kami. Haha. Apa jawapannya..?

Menurut penjelasan ustaz kepada kami, ilmu yg kite belajar kat U ni tidak sempurna atau lebih meluas sifatnya. Maksudnya kita belajar apa yg kita nak, ambil ilmu berdasarkan kemahiran atau bidang kita. Join program, pergi usrah, belajar ilmu macam2 lah. Tapi masa kat sekolah, ilmu kita lebih terbatas. Ilmu tu dah ditetapkan. Skopnya adalah lebih kecil. Kita hanya menurut je apa yg cikgu beritahu seolah2 mind kita ni telah disetkan. Bukanlah nak menyalahkan cikgu2 kita, TAKKKKK, cuma sistem kita yg dah dibentuk macam tu. Sampai ada sesetengah orang, dia hanya join perkara2 yg bagi dirinya penting untuk membawanya kepada kejayaan, kemasyhuran, kebendaan, pangkat, nama, duit dan sebagainya. Betul, benda tu semua penting dalam kehidupan kita dewasa ini, namun adakah ia CONFIRM AKAN MEMEBAWA KITA KE SYURGA ALLAH nanti…? Haaa… Sentap kannn.. Terkena batang hidung saya. Betul jugak. Selama saya hidup dari kecil, kita diajar dengan pertanyaan ‘Besar nanti nk jadi apa?’. ‘Cikgu’. Contoh jelah.. Saya dulu pun cita2 bertukar2. Kejap nak jadi cikgu, kejap arkitek, kejap pensyarah, kejap doktor & macam2 lagi la. Haha. Sekarang dalam kursus TESL. Still tak sure nak jadi apa lepas graduate nanti. So, if nak jadi cikgu, kena belajar pandai2, dapat banyak A, masuk U dan baru boleh jadi cikgu. Nampak tak jalan menuju ke puncak impian tu..? Hanya setakat tu je.. Lepas tu macam mana pulak..? Haaa, itulah persoalannya.

ILMU TU APA SEBENARNYA..?

Pengertian ilmu menurut Syed Naquib Al Attas ada dua. Ini saya ambil dari blog saudara Ibnunazir : http://ibnunazir.wordpress.com/2012/01/27/definisi-ilmu-menurut-syed-muhammad-naquib-al-attas/

1 – Ketibaan makna ilmu itu ke dalam jiwa pencari ilmu

2- Sampainya jiwa seseorang itu kepada makna ilmu

Kedua2 maksud tersebut sama ada yg pertama mahupun yg kedua, ia perlulah membawa kita untuk lebih dekat kepada Allah S.W.T. Contohnya, bagaiman saya yg mengambil ilmu bahasa (English) ini akan membawa saya dekat/kembali kepada Allah S.W.T? Mungkin macam tidak logik. Tapi, cuba renungkan kembali. Dengan ilmu bahasa yg saya ambil ini, saya dapat mengajar ramai orang akan penggunaan Bahasa Inggeris, bagaimana menggunakannya dengan betul, membantu pelancong dalam berkomunikasi dan macam2 lagi. Namun, yg penting, NIAT saya mestilah kerana Allah Ta’ala. Tuntasnya di sini ialah, tak kiralah ilmu apa pun yg kita ambil, NIAT kita mestilah kepada Allah. Itu yg penting. NIAT. Once niat kita betul, In sha Allah, everything pun akan dapat redha Allah dan ganjaran daripada-Nya. Yg paling penting, ia membawa kita untuk dekat kepada Pencipta kita.

Sebab itulah susah untuk kita menilai seseorang itu sama ada berilmu ataupun tidak. Jurangnya terlalu tipis, menurut Ustaz Faiz lagi. Dan kerana itu jugalah, ilmu itu hendaklah sentiasa dicari. Haa.. Top up ilmu pun penting, bukan hanya top up kredit je. Hehe. Peringatan untuk saya jugak ni. Ustaz menasihati kami untuk sentiasa mencari ilmu dan MENCINTAI ILMU. Hal ini membuat saya terfikir. Selalu saya dengar orang cakap macam tu. Tapi macam mana nk cintakan ilmu? Tak faham lah. Tapi, Alhamdulillah. Persoalan saya terjawab. Ustaz bertanya;

USTAZ : Pernah tak awak cintakan seseorang..??

IMRAN : Errmm.. Saya tak pernah ustaz. Tapi setakat suka tu adalah. Sekadar minat je. Hehe

USTAZ : Haa, bila kita cintakan seseorang tu, kita sentiasa nak orang tu ada dengan kita kan..? Nak tengok muka dia selalu, nk dengar suara dia selalu. Ilmu pun macam tu lah. Bila kita cintakan ilmu, kita sentiasa NAK MENCARI ILMU. Kita nk tahu benda yg kita tak belajar, yang kita tak tahu, yg kita pernah dengar tapi tak pasti. Maksudnya, kita sentiasa dahagakan ilmu tu. Macam solat lah jugak. Pernah tak awak rasa sentiasa nk solat..? Ishhh, tak sabar2 nk tunggu waktu Zuhur nk smayang. Then, terasa lama sangat nk tunggu Asar pulak. Pernah tak..?

SEMUA : ……………

Terdiam kami semua. Yelah, sungguh tinggi maksud statement tu. Saya, if lecturer saya cakap exam nanti akan keluar bab 7,8,9 & 10 je sebab lain tak keluar sebab dh buat quiz mengenai topik tu, PASTILAH saya tak baca dah bab2 selain yg nk masuk exam tu. Saya akan fokus kepada bab yg akan masuk exam je. Bagi saya, yelah, buang masa la kira kan. Tapi, itulah sebenarnya yg menunjukkan betapa jauhnya kita dengan konsep ‘Pembudayaan Ilmu’ ni. Orang yang mencintai ilmu akan study jugak bab yang tak masuk exam tu untuk pengetahuan dia. Bukan study bab yang nk masuk exam je. Sentap saya untuk kali yg entah ke berapa. Adoiii.. Terasa kerdil sungguh kami di waktu tu. Sebab tu lah kita kena menggunakan neraca yg betul dalam nk menilai/mengukur tahap ilmu seseorang tu. Tak semestinya semua orang yang pandai bercakap tu adalah orang berilmu. Dan tak semestinya juga orang yg kurang bercakap itu adalah tidak berilmu. Bagaimanapun kita, matlamat akhir kita perlulah sama iaitu  AKHIRAT. Jadi, aim kita tak sepatutnya hanya terhenti setakat di dunia ni je. Perlulah sampai di ‘SANA’ jugak. Cari ilmu & kaitkan dengan matlamat akhir kita iaitu Akhirat. Menurut usraz lagi, orang yg berilmu tinggi darjatnya di sisi Allah. Hurmmm.. *Kena sentiasa berusaha mencari ilmu lah lepas ni*

Tapi tentulah! Ilmu tu adalah pelbagai. Ada yg fakta, ada yg auta. Ada yg bukan fakta, ada yg benar, ada yang tak benar, yg tak sahih dan sebagainya lah. So, kita pun kenalah jadi orang yang bijaksana. Jangan main ikutttt je apa orang cakap. Kan2..? Saya tertarik mendengar cerita ustaz. Kata ustaz;

“Golongan sufi bertaubat kepada Allah bukan sebab mereka melakukan dosa. Namun, mereka/dia bertaubat adalah kerana lupa sesaat kepada Allah. LUPA SESAAT.”

Adoyaii.. Ini membuatkan saya terfikir, di mana tempat & tahap saya sekarang. Iman saya pula di takuk mana..? Hurmm… Sentap lagi.

sujud

Ustaz menambah lagi, if kita nak tuntut ilmu, kita mestilah kena ikut adab2 dalam menuntut ilmu. Kerana apa..? Kerana ilmu itu sifatnya ialah cahaya, So, kita kenalah ikut adab2 yg betul. Biasanya, orang yang berilmu ni tinggi adabnya. Itulah salah satu cara kita nk membezakan antara orang yang berilmu dengan yg tidak berilmu. Banyak je sekarang ni orang yg cemerlang, banyak giler dapat A setiap kali exam, tapi sebenarnya tak berilmu pun. Jadi, kena la sama2 kita fahami konsep ilmu tu sebelum kita nk buat something. Relate kepada matlamat akhir kita iaitu AKHIRAT. Memang realitinya, setiap hari pun kita pasti akan belajar benda2 baru sama ada dengan sedar atau tanpa kita sedari. Sebab tu, kena sentiasa ingat matlamat akhir kita bukan hanya di atas dunia ni je. Sentiasa bersedia untuk menerima teguran dan jangan jadi orang yang bodoh sombong atau tin kosong. Kita hidup di dunia ni ramai2 mencari nikmat dan redha Allah. Terima teguran orang dengan ikhlas, maafkan orang yang telah menegur kita dan ucapkan terima kasih kerana sudi menegur kita. Sesetengah orang buat tak tahu je kita buat salah ke betul, ‘lantak engkau lah’. Kan tak bagus macam tu. Untuk menegur pulak, gunakan cara yg berhikmah.

Sebelum ustaz akhiri usrah kami pada hari ni, ustaz tinggalkan kami dengan satu statement yg pada saya perlu kita selamai dan fahami.

ISLAM atau MUSLIM KITA ADALAH ATAS NAMA ATAU ATAS AMANAH?

Bukan fakulti/course/pekerjaan kita yg memerlukan kita untuk berdakwah & berkongsi ilmu, mencari serta membawa kebaikan kepada orang lain. Namun, atas nama agama, kita perlu melakukan amar makruf nahi mungkar.

Renung2 kan. Till then, Assalamualaikum. 🙂

 
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Posted by on March 26, 2013 in Usrah